Abortion Procedures

If you are thinking about abortion, please contact us before you make a final choice. We are here to help you sort through all of your questions and concerns. There is a lot to educate yourself on before you make a decision, and we are here to help you every step of the way.  Make an appointment to discuss the abortion procedures available to you at your stage of pregnancy and the side effects.

Medical Abortion1

RU486, Mifepristone: (Abortion Pill) - up to the first 7 to 9 weeks of pregnancy

The procedure usually requires three office visits. On the first visit, Mifepristone is taken orally in order to block progesterone from the uterine lining which prevents the pregnancy from continuing.  Thirty-six to seventy-two hours later, you will return to the physician's office for Misoprostol tablets which are taken orally or inserted vaginally in order to cause contractions to expel the embryo.  This process can take only a few hours or possibly a few days. Two weeks later, you will return to the physican's office to ensure the abortion is complete.  Approximately 8 - 10% of the time, the procedure is unsuccessful and you may require a surgical abortion procedure to complete the medical abortion.

Side effects include cramping, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, heavy bleeding or infection.

NOTE:   If you have an ectopic pregnancy, ovarian mass, IUD, corticosteriord use, adrenal failure, anemia, bleeding disorders or use blood thinners, asthma, liver problems, kidney problems, heart disease or high blood pressure, you are not eligible to take RU486.

Surgical Abortion2

Aspiration: performed during the first 6 to 16 weeks after LMP.

Aspiration abortions are referred to as Suction Aspiration, Suction Curettage or Vacuum Aspiration abortions.  During your appointment, you will be provided with a local anesthetic to the cervix to numb during the dilation procedure, typically performed with absorbent rods.  In some cases, the rods may be placed a few days  prior to the actual procedure to complete dilation.  After dilation of the cervix is complete, a long plastic tube that is connected to a suction device is inserted into the uterus to suction out the pregnancy.  In some cases, a curette (a surgical instrument shaped like a scoop or spoon) may be used to complete the abortion by scraping the remaining pregnancy from the uterus.

Dilation & Evacuation (D&E): performed after 16 weeks after LMP

Prior to the procedure, the physician will insert either laminaria or a synthetic dilator inside your cervix to begin dilation.  On the day of the procedure, a numbing medication will be used on the cervix to decrease pain.  A shot will be given in order to terminate the fetus, a long tube will be inserted to begin removing the pregnancy away from the uterine lining, a curette will be used to scrape away an residual fetal tissue, and a suction device will be utilized to make sure the pregnancy is completely removed.  Some times forceps may be used to remove larger parts of the fetus during the procedure.  An antibiotic will be provided to you to decrease the chances of infection.

Side Effects3

Since abortion is a medical procedure, there are side effects that can occur.  These side effects can be experienced for as long as 2 to 4 weeks following the procedure.

  • Abdominal pain and cramping
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Spotting and bleeding

There are more serious side effects that can occur.  It is noted that serious complications for first trimester abortions is less than 1 in 100 and for late term abortions it is approximately 1 out of 50.  Even though these serious complications occur rarely, they are still potential risks to having an abortion procedure.

  • Heavy or persistent bleeding
  • Infection or sepsis
  • Damage to the cervix
  • Scarring of the uterine lining
  • Perforation of the uterus
  • Damage to other organs
  • Death

Abortion is not just a simple procedure; it may have many side effects. Abortion has been associated with preterm birth, emotional and psychological impact, and spiritual consequences. Please contact our center so that you can make an informed decision. www.ABBASetFree.org

Our center offers peer counseling and accurate information about all pregnancy options; however we do not offer or refer for abortion services.


1Medical Abortion Procedures | American Pregnancy. (2014, January 1). Retrieved January 5, 2015, from http://americanpregnancy.org/unplanned-pregnancy/medical-abortions/
2Surgical Abortion Procedures | American Pregnancy. (2014, February 1). Retrieved January 5, 2015, from http://americanpregnancy.org/unplanned-pregnancy/surgical-abortions/
3Possible Physical Side Affects After Abortion. (2014, February 1). Retrieved December 22, 2014, from http://americanpregnancy.org/unplanned-pregnancy/abortion-side-effects/